Truc Lam Yen Tu, also known as Lan pagoda or name is Long Dong Tu is a temple on the Yen Tu mountain, located in the Nam Mau village, Thuong Yen Cong commune, Uong Bi city, Quang Ninh province.
In 1293, King Tran Nhan Tong gave embellished, building Lan Pagoda into a splendid spacious, Lan temple became Unicorn Institute, a place to preach, share experiences in meditation. Three monks the Truc Lam was Tran Nhan Tong, Phap Loa and Huyen Quang often come here preaching, sutra lecture. Lan ancient temple is one of the most important temples in the system of the Truc Lam Zen Monastery.
In the war against France, the temple was destroyed almost completely, leaving only the tomb tower system consists of 23 towers, of which the largest tower tomb tower Chan Nguyen (1647-1726).
On 19th January 2002 (Lunar year) built Truc Lam Yen Tu. Works, built with the initiative of the Venerable Thich Thanh Tu, director of Truc Lam Da Lat and the merit of the monks, Buddhists in Viet Nam and around the world.
On the occasion of the birthday of King Tran Nhan Tong, 11th November 2002(lunar year) Truc Lam Yen Tu was officially inaugurated on nearly 5 acres area.
Truc Lam Yen Tu building with three main functions:
The first: research, conservation, storing the texts, bibliographies, cultural publications of Yen Tu, Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen School.
The second: A place for meditation guide for monks, Buddhists and those who want to practice meditation according to Truc Lam Zen.
The third: A place to visit, tourists, pilgrims of Buddha pilgrims.
Architecture of Truc Lam Yen Tu
Truc Lam Yen Tu is situated on a hill with a unicorn figure lay prostrate. Currently Truc Lam Yen Tu gateway still vestiges of the old store, lane width, the two sides have many monks tomb towers.
The main works include the main hall, Ancestor hall, drum tower, bell tower, Accommodation, Arhat hall, decorated in simple, use just national language. In the main hall weighs Sakyamuni copper statue nearly four tons. Behind the main hall, before Truc Lam Tam To have Bodhidharma statue, wooden incense-derived of South America, high 3.2 m, pedestal height 0,65m, width 0.95m, weighs 3.2 tonnes with exquisite carvings. In the main hall wide open space, we can admire the statue of Venerable Thich Thanh Tu.
In front of courtyard placing a ball as the grace red marble Buddha, diameter 1,590m , weighing 6.5 tons were taken from quarries An Nhon, Binh Dinh Province. Ball stone is placed on a pedestal with square cross section, weighing 4 tons, outside the octagon with eight petals surrounds symbolizing religion.
Ball stone was central Viet Nam record books determined: The balls stone as the largest Viet Nam.
In Arhat hall with the eighteen Arhat wooden statues carved delicate, full of posture and gait of each. The left side of the monastery tower has a tree that seven hundred years old, lush foliage.
Truc Lam Yen Tu associated with the legend of King Tran Nhan Tong and Bao Sai on the road to Yen Tu to practice, when they arrive Truc Lam Yen Tu, they stay here. King dreamed that he rode a yellow dragon flying into the beautiful cave, shimmering, lake full lotus, radiating fragrant. When awake, the King tells the story of that dream for Bao Sai to listen and named Lan Pagoda, was “Long Dong Tu” means Dragon Cave.
The Value of Truc Lam Yen Tu
Temples of the Truc Lam Zen apart from the function worship the Buddha, where religious practice is a Buddhist, there is a special place worship Truc Lam Patriarchs Buddhist, statues and statues King Tran Nhan Tong enter Nirvana. This proves beyond value-art architecture, the temple of Truc Lam Zen also means souvenir celebrity association with the life, career the celebrity culture of the country is Tran Nhan Tong, Phap Loa, Huyen Quang.
Due to the position of the Truc Lam Zen in contemporary social life which temple with Zen is always built in places with beautiful natural scenery, majestic architectural scale so massive and has become “Attractions” influential in the folk consciousness, and has become a tourist destination very attractive with the long day festival activities have influenced in large areas of the country.
Buddhism in Viet Nam in general and in particular the Truc Lam Yen Tu is a cultural component of Viet Nam. Truc Lam Yen Tu has proven to fusion and the acculturation of Viet Nam for the cultural elements and foreign religions. The greatest contribution of the Truc Lam Yen Tu is always accompanied with the nation, is “spiritual fulcrum”, reinforce and raise awareness of community links, the spirit of independence of Dai Viet before every hardship of history.