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Bai Dinh pagoda in Ninh Binh, the largest pagoda in Southeast Asia

Bai Dinh Pagoda is a large temple complex is known for many Asian record and Viet Nam, have been recognized as the temple gilded bronze Buddha Asia’s largest, the temple has Arhat corridor the longest Asia, this is the largest temple and owns many records in Viet Nam.  

The construction items, expanding the new temple was the participants Vesak 2008 world inaugurated phase 1. In 2010, Bai Dinh pagoda hosts celebration to welcome the first relics from India to Viet Nam. Vesak United Nations 2014  – Vesak 2014 hosted by Viet Nam took place at the Bai Dinh pagoda in March 2014.

panoramic view of Bai Dinh pagoda
panoramic view of Bai Dinh pagoda

Location of Bai Dinh pagoda

The Bai Dinh pagoda is located at the western gate vestige Hoa Lu ancient capital, on Highway 38B, Gia Sinh Commune – Gia Vien – Ninh Binh, 15 km from Ninh Binh city and 95 km from Ha Noi. Bai Dinh Pagoda is located in the northern part of the heritage world Trang An.

History of pagoda

Over 1000 years ago, in Ninh Binh had three successive King dynasty was born: Dinh, Tien Le and Ly. Three feudal dynasties are very interested in Buddhism and Buddhism as the State religion, so in Ninh Binh has many ancient temples, including the Bai Dinh Pagoda, Trang An Mountains.

Bai Dinh Pagoda populations,  including an ancient pagoda and a new pagoda was built from 2003. The temple is located on a ridge between the valley and the vast lake,  rocky mountains at the western gateway to the ancient capital of Hoa Lu.

The gate of Bai Binh pagoda
The gate of Bai Binh pagoda

New majestic temple architecture, monumental but bearing deep tradition of matching psychological curiosity, curiosity of Viet Nam today. That’s why this place soon became a popular destination.  Bai Dinh Pagoda zone of the media recently honored as one the largest temple complex in Southeast Asia. Even under construction, Bai Dinh Pagoda has attracted tourists for sightseeing.

Characteristics of pagoda

Bai Dinh Pagoda is an area of 539 ha, including 27 hectares of ancient Bai Dinh pagoda, 80 hectares of new areas, areas such as cultural parks and monastic institutions, the park’s reception and landscaping, roads and parking lots, Dam Thi lake… is still continuing to build.

Chaired architectural design Bai Dinh Pagoda is a professor, architect Hoang Dao Kinh – Deputy Chairman of the Vietnam Architects, former Director of the Center designing and renovating monuments Central (Institute for Conservation of Monuments Vietnam).  Bai Dinh Pagoda is a large project includes many items, major architectures: Tam The Hall, Phap Chu Hall, Quan Yin Hall, Statue of Maitreya Buddha and the infrastructure works, Buddhist academies, reception area,… was built in several different stages.

Main hall of Bai Dinh pagoda
Main hall of Bai Dinh pagoda

New pagoda architecture featuring large cubes, majestic architectural imprints Viet Nam as the main raw material used in local (Ninh Binh green stone, wood), Bat Trang ceramic tile brown dark. What most difference in Bai Dinh pagoda architecture shown in dark brown dome shaped curved tail phoenix, it is not like rough straight strokes of the Chinese pagoda. Details decorated pagoda architecture and bearing the stamp of the famous traditional villages in Viet Nam.

Architecture of Bai Dinh Pagoda

Bai Dinh Pagoda while building called “great construction” with 500 artisan groups, including a lot of workers come from the famous villages like carpentry Phuc Loc Ninh Van stone sculpted, bronze casting Y Yen, Van Lam embroidery, lacquer Cat Dang, Dong Xam silver station. This artisans using local materials such as ironwood, Ninh Binh green stone, Bat Trang ceramic tile, to create pure definition Viet Nam of Bai Dinh pagoda architecture.

Gilt bronze Buddha, the largest one in Asia
Gilt bronze Buddha, the largest one in Asia

It is particularly in the construction site Bai Dinh Pagoda is space here is always open. Since construction of the great statue was placed outdoors has attracted a large number of pilgrims worship. Guests can go anywhere to observe the working parts are formed. Bai Dinh Pagoda has many architectural details and antiques bearing of the Ly.

The Festival Of Bai Dinh Pagoda

The Bai Dinh pagoda festival is a spring festival, which took place from the afternoon of the 1st lunar New Year, the opening of the 6th lunar New Year and lasts until the end of March and the start of the pilgrimage festivals of the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh province. In addition to time in the year, visitors can only sightseeing temple without visiting the cultural activities of the festival.

500 Arhat statues in the monolithic white stone
500 Arhat statues in the monolithic white stone

Bai Dinh Pagoda Festival consists of 2 parts. Part ceremonies,  including ritual incense worship Buddha, remembrance of Holy Nguyen Minh Khong, sacrifice Cao Son and Holy Mother Thuong Ngan, the ritual procession brought by the worship Spirit Cao Son, Holy Nguyen and Lord Thuong Ngan from the ancient temple to the new temple to conduct the festival.

The second part begins with folk games, visiting caves and temple sightseeing, enjoy singing Cheo art, Ancient Xam…

With the advantage of a large temple complex, Bai Dinh Pagoda festival is a major festival, attracts tourists to participate. Due to the historical references associated with the Kings Dinh Tien Hoang, Quang Trung, Le Thanh Tong and Nguyen Cao Son,  Bai Dinh pagoda festivals both natural cult, medium religious expression Buddhist, Confucian and saint worship.

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About the author

Hi, I'm Ho Lam! That's me, the boy who wants more experience each day. I'm slowly but surely working my way, travelling and sharing is my taste. The articles of this blog are not only from me, but also from my friends and the travellers mailed to me.

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